PODERE COGNO  -       THE HISTORY OF CASTELLINA IN CHIANTI

 

 

 

 

Castellina in Chianti is in the heart of the Chianti Classico hills, between the valleys of Arbia, Elsa and Pesa.

It is of Etruscan origin - not far from the centre of the town you can visit the VI Century b.C. tomb, a very interesting archeological discovery, one of the most important in the area.

Later it became Roman territory, until the Middle Ages: in the XI Century, it became feud of the Nobles of Trebbio, and then Florentine military garrison; in the XII Century, with Radda and Gaiole, it became Chief Town of the Chianti League. In the following centuries it was upset by raids and plunderes, and to defend it the Florentines surrounded the village with protective walls at the beginning of 1400. At this time we date the Rocca - a very high protective building surmounted by a grand deck – the impressive Via delle Volte and part of the centre of the town.

In the countryside there are many 14th and 15th Century farm houses and also many parrishes and churces: San Martino a Cispiano – romanic single nave with apsis structure – San Leonino in Conio – with Virgin and Child by Lorenzo di Bicci – and the ancient parrish of Sant’Agnese, restored after the partial destruction during the last war.

Fonterutoli village has a long history – one can see a tablet recording the visit of Saxon Emperor Ottone III in 998.

 

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